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高三阅读理解When I met a friend recently I asked him how

时间:2019-09-23 20:51  作者:Edmond  来源:www.hissdon.com

When I met a friend recently, I asked him how work was. “Oh, not that busy, I’m just coasting,” he said. He’s not alone. According to a recent poll, one third of the 3,000 people surveyed said they were “coasting” at work. This may come as a surprise in an age when so many people spend so much time complaining about how busy they are. But most of this talk about busyness is nonsense. According to a study by researchers at Oxford University, we do not, in fact, spend more time working than we have in the past. On some measures, the amount we work has gone down. Instead, many people just have jobs filled with tasks that don’t really need to be done.

The way we look at coasting has radically changed. In the past, being relaxed and not burdened with too much work within your organisation was a sign of status. Now, being extremely busy shows you are important. If you are not extremely overburdened, then you are seen as a slacker, a lazy person.

This does not make sense. Most people are not as busy as they say they are. In fact, most pressing tasks at work are often unrelated to productivity. Many busy people are actually overburdened with telling others how busy they are. Being overly-focused on your job may make you feel important, but it’s likely to annoy friends, co-workers and your family. What’s more, being super-busy all the time is not good for you. A Cornell University study found that people who are overburdened with work tend to have a worse sense of wellbeing than those who are more relaxed. The researchers also found that being super-busy is bad for your career. Those who reported working very intensely were associated with poorer career outcomes.

So, perhaps coasters are not a drag on productivity. Maybe they have worked out that the secret to a productive and healthy life is not being too busy, and certainly not talking continuously about how busy you are. We should remember Bertrand Russell’s adage: “One of the symptoms of an approaching nervous breakdown is the belief that one’s work is terribly important.”

4. What can we infer from the findings of the Oxford University study?

A. People have a false impression about how busy they are at work.

B. Less busy employees have a greater likelihood of promotion.

C. One third of employees don’t consider themselves to be busy.

D. People overburdened at work are likely to feel more energised.

5. In the 19th century which of these people would probably have been the LEAST busy in their job?

A. A bank clerk.

B. A bank owner.

C. An office cleaner.

D. An office secretary.

6. Why might “coasters” actually be successful in their work?

A. They do not feel threatened by a challenging task.

B. They work more co-operatively with their colleagues.

C. They are able to focus on the most important and necessary tasks.

D. They are often more intelligent and able to complete their work faster.

7. Which of the following best summarizes the author’s attitude?

A. He expresses no personal opinion about the topic.

B. He thinks that lazy people are in fact the best workers 

C. He is sympathetic towards difficulties of super-busy workers.

D. He believes that busyness at work does not equal effectiveness.

【答案】4. A    5. B    6. C    7. D


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