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高三阅读理解Amid growing global condemnation of elephant

时间:2019-09-23 20:56  作者:Edmond  来源:www.hissdon.com

Amid growing global condemnation of elephant riding as a tourist activity, Yok Don National Park in southern Vietnam has ended the practice and replaced it with the first ethical (伦理 ) elephant experience of its kind in the country.

The formally captive group of four elephants were released from their chains earlier this month and no longer carry tourists on rides through the park. Visitors can instead observe the animals roaming freely in their natural habitat.

The park worked on the initiative with Animal Protection Asia, which campaigns for long-term changes in animal welfare and tourism in Vietnam. The official agreement between the charity and the state-run park was signed on 13 July, and runs until April 2023, with the first tours taking place earlier this month. Over the next five years, it is hoped that the new model will provide as much or even more revenue for owners as riding, and encourage mahouts (管象人) and elephant tourism companies to follow.

This project has entirely changed the lives of the elephants at the park and it also provides a much better experience for the tourists. Misuse has been replaced with respect, and the animals look much healthier and happier than before.

Awareness of the adverse effects of elephant riding has increased in recent years, with a growing number of tourists avoiding cruel attractions and supporting welfare centres and animal protection instead, alongside an increasing number of tour operators refusing to sell elephant treks that include riding.

Many of the elephants used in riding and other activities, such as painting or performing tricks, are caught as babies from the wild, their mothers often killed. Once captured, they typically undergo intensive conditioning known as “crushing the spirit”, where they are kept in tiny pens and beaten and starved, sometimes for weeks. Once trained, many of the animals eventually die from exhaustion. Campaigners and charities hope to continue to educate the industry in Vietnam and around the world, and show how profitable ethical elephant experiences, with retired and rescued animals, can be, instead.

12. What is true for most working elephants in Vietnam?

A. They are allowed to roam freely.

B. They are chained up and cruelly treated.

C. They outnumber those found in the wild.

D. They are kept with their mothers during training.

13. What is the goal of Animal Protection Asia?

A. It seeks to raise money for national parks’ operation.

B. It wants to organize more sightseeing tours in Vietnam.

C. It hopes to set a new model for elephant tourism companies.

D. It expects to eventually free all the working elephants in Asia.

14. Which of the following best explains “adverse” underlined in paragraph 5?

A. Practical. B. Unexpected.

C. Financial. D. Negative.

15. What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Say no to elephant riding

B. A new profitable model

C. Vietnam takes the lead

D. Negative effects of elephant tourism

【答案】12. B    13. C    14. D    15. A


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