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高三阅读理解A survey in the Philippines has shown the country

时间:2019-09-26 18:41  作者:Edmond  来源:www.hissdon.com

A survey in the Philippines has shown the country uses a "shocking" amount of single-use plastic, including nearly 60 billion sachets(小袋)a year, a new report said Friday. The report, produced by the non-governmental organization GALA, is part of an effort to collect data on plastic consumption as environmentalists push for government action to reduce plastic waste.

It contains shocking figures: every day, almost 48 million shopping bags are used throughout the Philippines, adding up to more than 17 billion a year. And that figure does not include the smaller, thinner and often transparent plastic bags known as "labo" bags-around 16.5 billion of those are used per year across the country, the report says. The figures are based on 21 waste assessments conducted in 13 cities across the Philippines, with the national figures produced by extrapolating(推断)from local results.

More than half of non-recyclable plastic analyzed in the survey came from sachets-small plastic packets often lined with aluminium or containing other materials that make them non-recyclable. Small portions of products ranging from coffee to shampoo are often sold in sachets in the Philippines, and are seen as an affordable solution for consumers.

But Grate said the popularity appeared to be more a result of what is available, with wealthier consumers simply buying multiple sachets. "If you,to the supermarkets, it’s rare for you to be able to buy coffee in bigger containers; it’s all in sachets," he said.

The survey is the first time an organization has tried to quantify(确定数量) sachet use, and the NGO hopes to pressure both the government and industry to take action on controlling single-use plastic. The report found that where local-level plastic bag bans have been put in place and strictly enforced, usage has dropped dramatically.

It urged the government to "institute a comprehensive national plastic bag ban that promotes reusable bags". And it wants regulations on other single-use plastic products and rules requiring companies to redesign products and packaging to minimize plastic waste.

28. What’s the purpose of GALA in carrying out the survey?

 A. To show how shocking the amount of plastic waste can be.

 B. To get people and the government know better about its final goal.

 C. To collect accurate numbers of plastic bags used in the whole country.

 D. To help make the government take measures to reduce plastic waste.’

29. Why can’t many sachets be recycled?

 A. They are not made of only plastic.

 B. They won’t last long after being buried.

 C. They cost less to be made than recycled.

 D. They can naturally change to a simpler chemical form.

30. Which is a reason for the popularity of sachets in the Philippines?

 A. They can’t be easily afforded.          B. Big containers are rarely available.

 C. Shopping bags are often transparent.     D. They are more environmentally friendly.

31. How can companies help reduce plastic waste according to GAIA?

 A. By producing fewer products.

 B. By inventing new recycling machines.

 C. By donating money to recycling companies.

 D. By using as little plastic as possible on their products.

答案 28-31 DABD


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